Halal and Kosher Food

With growing of globalisation, the heterogeneity of the German population is increasing and the associated demand for e.g. kosher or halal food poses new challenges for the Western food industry. Many foods that do not comply with the halal and kosher food regulations are therefore taboo for the population group concerned - in addition to certain meat products, these may also include cakes, jelly bears, yoghurt products or puddings.

Halal and haram: permitted and prohibited food in Islam

The Muslim dietary requirements are regulated in the Koran and Sunna. Food that meets these requirements are "halal". All foods are allowed except those listed below, which are considered "haram=prohibited". Under commercial law, the term halal has been described in the Codex Alimentarius since 1997. On an international level, a uniform halal certificate is being sought. At present, however, there are a large number of certification bodies that issue certificates, whose acceptance can vary greatly due to different halal interpretations.

Prohibited animal products1

  • Pig including wild boar
  • dogs, snakes, monkeys
  • carnivorous animals with claws and teeth such as tigers, lions, bears
  • Birds with claws like eagles or vultures
  • "Pests" like rats, scorpions, centipedes
  • Animals that according to Islam may not be killed, such as ants, bees, woodpecker birds
  • animals that are "generally repulsive" such as lice, flies or maggots
  • animals that live both on land and in water, such as frogs and crocodiles
  • Mules and domestic donkeys
  • poisonous and dangerous aquatic animals
  • all animals not slaughtered in accordance with Islamic law
  • Blood

Prohibited herbal products, drinks and additives

  • all intoxicating and dangerous plants
  • all intoxicating and dangerous drinks, including alcohol
  • all additives obtained from the above products

Kosher food: permitted and prohibited food in Judaism

The basis for food that is permitted (kosher) under Jewish dietary laws is the Torah. It is divided into "meaty" (Hebrew: basari), "milky" (Hebrew: chalawi) and "neutral" (parve) foods. The simultaneous consumption of milky and meaty foods is not permitted. In the stomach, milky and meaty foods may also not mix, so waiting times must be observed. 2

The following foods are considered kosher3

  • meat of ruminant cloven-hoofed animals, e.g. cows, goats, sheepa
  • ritually Jewish slaughtered domestic fowl: chickens, ducks, turkeys, geese, doves
  • eggs from kosher animals without traces of blood
  • Fish that have fins and scales e.g. salmon, trout, tuna b, c
  • Milk and milk products from kosher animalsd

a other animals such as pigs, horses, camels, hares, insects are prohibited
b are not kosher, e.g. eels, whales and all shellfish (lobsters, crabs, mussels)
c Fish eggs and fish oil are only kosher if they are obtained from kosher fish
d with the exception of milk products such as hard cheese or whey obtained from animal rennet


We offer a sensitive PCR detection for pigs and many other animal species for testing halal and kosher food. You can also have your products tested by us for alcohol residues.

2 https://religion.orf.at/lexikon/stories/2569693/
3 http://kosher-germany.com/koshergermany/de/koscher-informationsblatt